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BITCOIN EVERYTHING YOU WANT TO KNOW

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Everything you need to know about Bitcoin
Everything you need to know about Bitcoin

BITCOIN-EVERYTHING YOU WANT TO KNOW 

Today we are living in a digital world. So, digital currencies are pretty much common in use. This article ‘Bitcoin- Everything you want to know ‘ will give you a complete knowledge about it.

WHAT IS A BITCOIN

Bitcoin is a type of Crypto Currency which is virtual in nature and is independent from traditional banking system and came into circulation in 2009.

Top experts and traders predict that, Bitcoin is considered as the best known digital currency. 

It relies on computer networks to resolve complex mathematical problems, in order to confirm and record the particulars of each and every transaction.

Its exchange rate does not depend on the central banks regulations and there is no single authority that governs the supply and management of Bitcoin.

The value of Bitcoin depends on the users confidence and its demand all over the world.

HISTORY OF BITCOIN

Its creator was a nameless group of bright mathematicians (using the fabricated name Satoshi Nakamoto) who designed and developed it in 2008 to be “virtual gold”.

The first Bitcoin software released in early 2009 during the USA economic crisis.

They knew that to have lasting value, like gold it had to have a finite supply and so they give capping on production of Bitcoin.

So during creation they capped the supply at 21 million Bitcoins.

On 31 October 2008, a paper titled Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System was posted by the author name Satoshi Nakamoto. 

Satoshi Nakamoto implemented the bitcoin software and released it in January 2009 for use by others.

On 3 January 2009, the bitcoin system was created when Satoshi Nakamoto mined the first block chain of bitcoin, known as the genesis block

UNIT OF MEASUREMENT 

The unit of account of the bitcoin system is a bitcoin. 

Symbols generally used for expression of bitcoin are BTC and XBT.

Millibitcoin (mBTC), and Satoshi (sat) are the two small amounts of bitcoin used as alternative units.

A satoshi is the smallest amount within bitcoin representing 0.00000001 bitcoins, that is equal to one hundred millionth of a bitcoin. 

A milli-bitcoin equals to 0.001 bitcoin.

One thousandth of a bitcoin or 100,000 Satoshi.

CURRENT STATUS OF BITCOIN

In 2014, We expect exponential growth in the popularity of it around the world with both merchants and consumers using this virtual coin.

India has already been cited as the next likely popular market that Bitcoin could move into.

It’s growth in 2014 on wards is due to various Bitcoin ATM’s, mobile apps, new technologies and tools implemented in this field.

Recent Bitcoin price collapse due to Covid-19 case:

According to Coin Metrics and Forbes, on 11 March 281,000 bitcoins were sold by owners who held them for only thirty days or more.

This compared around 4000 bitcoins that had laid inactive for a year or more indicating that the vast majority of the bitcoin volatility on that day was from recent buyers.

During the second week of March 2020 as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic Crypto currency exchange Kraken experienced an 80% increase in the amount of account signups over the week of bitcoin’s price collapse.

This was due to after effects of  buyers looking to capitalize on the low price.

It’s exchange rate with USD is a strictly watched.

Benchmark of it is carried out on a daily basis and long term over the last 8 years since its introduction to the world’s financial marketplace.

A popular company to receive the most current rate in Bitcoin valuation is XE.

They show Bitcoin to USD valuation and also the complete its price chart.The Bitcoin value chart and the Bitcoin to USD chart.

If you ask, “How much is one Bitcoin?” you will always know from their continuously updated charts.

In INDIA 01 bitcoin is equals to Rupees 687447.43  approximately.

As of 2020, about 18 Million of it in subsistence and were in market. However, you can not use all of them.

Out of the mined Bitcoins of 18 million, roughly 4 million are lost. 

Another 1 million were stolen in various hacks and heists such as that of through Mt. Gox.

Now we are having only 13 million of it for use by remaining people. Also “Whales”! (Whales are people who own a huge number of bitcoins)  stashed away a huge number of Bitcoins in their wallets.

Among these whales is the founder of it, Satoshi Nakomoto, who might have about 1 million bitcoins which are roughly worth 10 billion US dollars at present cost.

HOW TO INVEST IN BITCOIN

A question that frequently comes in our mind that “How to buy its stock”. By far the most common way to proceed in this area is to buy it directly and not its stock.

There is one entity called Bitcoin Investment trust which is an investment fund that is designed to track the market flow of it. 

Some analysts however are calling this a risky way to become involved in this marketplace.

It’s predictable value is a subject frequently discussed by various investment giants.

In January of 2015 the price of one bitcoin was $215. Currently it is around $8000. 

This is an exceptional increase and one far beyond what most experts would have projected at that time.

Currently different reviews are there regarding its value.

In reviewing forecasts from experts all over the world, a common answer seems to be that the top value will settle in at around $10,000. 

Some experts also have an opinion that its projected a value reaching $100,000 in future.

WALLETS:

One must know what a Bitcoin wallet is and how to use it.

A Bitcoin wallet is defined as something that “stores the digital credentials for your bitcoin holdings” and allows its owners to access and spend them online. 

It is simply the Bitcoin account comparable to a bank account.

It allows you to get Bitcoins, stock up them and drive them to others. What it does is store a compilation of Bitcoin privacy keys.

Usually it is encrypted with a password or otherwise protected from unauthorized access.

There are several modes on which wallets can operate and drive. 

There are two types of relationship with regards to trust and computational requirements.

FULL CLIENTS:

  • Full clients verify transactions directly by downloading a full copy of the block chain (A full copy of block chains is over 150 GB as of January 2018). 
  • It is the safest and reliable way of using the network, as trust in external parties is not required.
  • They regularly check the validity of mined blocks, and preventing them from transacting on a chain that breaks or alters network rules suggested for it.
  • Because of its size and complexity, downloading and verifying the entire block chain is not suitable for all computing devices and high end GPU’s and servers are required for this.

LIGHTWEIGHT CLIENTS:

  • Lightweight clients consult full clients to send and receive transactions without requiring a local copy of the entire block chain also known as SPV (Simplified payment verification).
  • These accounts are quicker to set up and allows them to be used on very less power, less bandwidth devices such as smart mobiles and normal PC.
  • When using a lightweight wallet, however, the user must trust the server and online wallet providers.
  • They follow the longest block chain and do not have to ensure its validity.
  • They also have to trust the miners.

There are several types of digital wallets to choose from.

Web wallet:  

This type of wallet allows you to send, receive and store Bitcoin though your web browser.

Desktop wallet:

In this type of wallet, generally wallet software is stored directly on your computer/PC /Laptop desktop.

Mobile Wallets:

This type of wallets are designed to use in Mobile devices by users.

 

HOW TO GENERATE INCOME FROM BITCOIN

Unlike other currencies, there are three ways to make money with it.

Saving, trading and mining are the three ways of generating income from it.

SAVING:

In savings income generation through Bitcoins, you have to purchase some bitcoins and save it for some time.

After that when its value increases you can make profit and generate income from that.

TRADING:

It can be traded on open markets, which means you can buy Bitcoin in low value and sell them in high value. With this you can make a profit from it’s trading.

MINING :

Mining is a very time, money and power consuming process. 

Mining is a type of record keeping service done all the way through the use of high end computers and servers.

Miners keep the block chain steady, complete, and unalterable by repeatedly grouping newly broadcast transactions into a block.

After that it broadcasts to the network and verified by recipient nodes.

After that each block contains cryptographic hash of the previous block, thus connecting it to the previous block and the block chain is named after that.

To be acknowledged by the rest of the network, a new block must contain a proof-of-work (PoW).

The system generally used in this process is based on Adam Back’s 1997 anti-spam scheme known as Hash cash.

The PoW requires miners to find a number called a nonce.

When the block content is hashed along with the nonce, the result is numerically smaller than the network’s difficulty target.

This proof is easy for any node in the network to verify, but extremely time-consuming to generate.

As for a secure cryptographic hash, miners must try many different nonce values.

About 2,000 blocks takes approximately 14 days approximately. And roughly it takes around 10 min per block to verify.

The difficulty target is adjusted based on the network’s recent performance, with the aim of keeping the average time between new blocks at ten minutes.

Between March 2014 and March 2015, the regular number of nonce’s miners had to try before creating a new block increased from 16 quintillion to 200 quintillion.

The proof-of-work system, alongside the chaining of blocks, makes modifications of the block chain extremely difficult and time consuming.

An attacker has to modify all subsequent blocks in order to modify one block to be accepted.

As new blocks are mined all the time, the difficulty of modifying a block increases day by day. As time passes and the number of subsequent nonce’s increase it is getting more and more difficult.

FRAUDS IN BITCOIN

As It is valuable and digital in nature. It attracts different scams and frauds.

 

RECENT TWITTER BITCOIN SCAM

On July 15 this year (2020), a number of high-profile Twitter accounts, each with millions of followers, were compromised in a cyber attack to encourage scam on bitcoin.

The scam asked account holders to send bitcoin currency to a specific Crypto currency wallet, with a promise that money sent to it will be doubled and returned.

The perpetrators had gained right of entry to Twitter’s administrative tools so that they could modify the accounts themselves and post the tweets straight to the users.

The path is not sure but they are supposed to have gained access either through paying off Twitter employees a ambit amount of money to use the tool. 

Also they might have used a compromised employee’s account to access the tool directly.

More than 12 bitcoins were sent to one of the addresses involved, the equivalent of more than US$110,000. 

Minutes after the tweets were posted, more than 320 transactions had already taken place on one of the wallet addresses.

 

EARLIER FRAUDS IN INDIA:

A tech guy named Amit Bhardwaj arrested by Delhi police at Delhi airport when he was trying to escape out of country after a Rs 2000 crore fraud in Bitcoin.

About 8000 peoples were fallen into his trap of opening Bitcoin accounts and wallets.

This happens due to no regulatory authority of Bitcoin.

Many frauds and scams you can notice in Bitcoin transactions. So be careful at the time of Bitcoin investment.

ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES:

ADVANTAGES OF IT:

LOW INFLATION RISK:

One of the benefits of Bitcoin is its low inflation risk.

Traditional currencies undergo inflation and deflation around the year or decade. They have a tendency to lose their purchasing power each year.

As governments continue stimulate the economy by injecting stimulus packages from reserve money.

Bitcoin doesn’t suffer from low inflation, because Bitcoin mining is restricted to just 21 million units.

That means the release of new Bitcoins is slowing down and the full amount will be mined out within the next couple of decades.

Experts have predicted that the last Bitcoin will be mined by 2050.

LOW RISK OF COLLAPSE:

Bitcoin has a low risk of collapse dissimilar traditional currencies that rely on governments and central banks.

When currencies collapse, it leads to hyperinflation. In hyper inflation you will have to give a lot of money to buy one small thing.

During hyper inflation your whole savings account can be wipeout in an instant.

Bitcoin on the other hand have low risk of collapse as its exchange rate is not regulated by any government plus is a digital currency available worldwide.

EASY TO CARRY:

Bitcoin is easy to carry and easy to transfer.

A billion dollars in the Bitcoin can be stored on a pendrive and placed in one’s pocket. It is also very easy to transport Bitcoins as compared to regular paper money.

DISADVANTAGE OF IT:

UNTRACEABILITY:

One disadvantage of Bitcoin is its untraceability nature.

As Governments and other organisations cannot trace the source of your funds.

So that it  can attract some deceitful individuals and online hacking your money transactions might happen.

THE FUTURE OF BITCOIN

Bitcoin mechanism works, but critics have believed that the digital currency is not ready to be used by the mainstream because of its volatility.

They also point to the hacking of the Bitcoin exchange in the past that has resulted in the loss of several millions of dollars.

Supporters of digital currencies have said that there are newer exchanges that are supervised by financial experts and venture capitalists.

Experts further added that there is still anticipate for the virtual currency system and the predicted growth is gigantic.

When the major companies will accept Bitcoin as a method of payment, the more successful Bitcoin will become in future.

CONCLUSION:

So this is all about Bitcoins and How you can invest and make money from it.

Definitely this article ‘Bitcoin-Everything you want to know ” increase your knowledge on it and Crypto currency.

You like it or not this is part of our digital virtual currency today and will remain with us in future.

If you like this article than share it and get in touch with me for more articles.

How To Start A Blog Site On WordPress

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How to start a Blog site on Wordpress
How to start a Blog site on Wordpress

As you are ready with a domain of your choice, hosting from a hosting service provider. Now you have taken steps towards building your blog site and decided about it. The next step you are thinking “How to start a Blog site on WordPress”.

So let’s start our journey towards How to start a Blog site  on WordPress site that will look good and beautiful.

How To Start A Blog Site On WordPress

After login in your hosting providers website you will land on word press page.  Word press is a blog/article site design software platform.

If you have chosen a word press site in hosting services than you will be strait landed upon word press. Otherwise you have to style your web site as per your own requirement by coding and technical help.

If you know HTML,Java, CSS than you can design your website otherwise you can get a freelancer who will do the web design job for you and charge you money.

But I will suggest you to go for word press option. Because word press have it all that you need to design. Also it will save time for your blog writing.

If it is not provided by your host service provider than you can buy it separately from word press site and implement it in making your site.

First you have to design your website. How it will look and what options you will get depend on your theme, widgets, Menus, Header and background of your Blog.

 

wordpress appearance

APPEARANCE: 

Appearance is the most important thing of your blog site. It is like a presentation of your work. How you are decorating depends upon your creativity.

So develop your inner artistic quality and start doing and decorating your blog site.

In appearance we have 07 sub modules to work on in “How to start a Blog site  on WordPress” .

The seven parts are Theme, Customize, Widgets, Menus, Header, Back ground lastly edit CSS.

THEME:

Choosing a good and beautiful theme is an important part of blog writing. It is not a day’s simple work which you will accomplish with a single write up.  But you are about to creating a castle out of nothing. So try to get a good theme which can hold the blogs beautifully which you are going to write.

A lot of free themes are provided by your hosting providers. You can choose one of the free themes from that source.

Otherwise you can go for premium and PRO themes which will make your blog site beautiful and eye catching.

Some of the good themes are generate press, Ocean WP, Newsup, Twenty twenty, Astra ,Go etc.

You can choose a good theme as per your Niche. So that it can fit your domain name. Try to select a simple and catchy theme.

WIDGETS:

A widget is a type of software application used to decorate your blog site when you are creating it.

There are a number of widgets in the word press to give specific style and utility. So select your widget and try it with preview before implementing.

MENUS:

Menus are like the tour guides of your blog site. Hence create your menus as you want your readers will go and room around in  your site.

I will creat a new blog on how to create a menu for your blog. Because it is a lengthy and very crucial part of blog site creation.

HEADER:

Header is the top most part of your blog site appearance. So set your header as like the crown of a king. It must be visible and beautiful to your readers.

BACKGROUND:

A beautiful background will give your reader a wonderful experience and give them an amazing experience.

Also a good background will sooth their eyes and reading experience.

EDIT CSS:

This part is for internal coding management of your site. It is for structuring your blog site as per your requirement.

If you know CSS than only do this activity otherwise take help of any expert. Because a little bit change in CSS can damage your whole blog sites structure.

Also take back up of your created site. So that after following this option you may not be able to recover your blog appearance.

But before going further you have to set some of your settings:

SETTINGS:

Settings is an important portion of your blog site.

It include General settings, Writing settings, Reading settings, Discussions, Media, Permalink settings, Privacy, Anti-spam, Page builder settings, Updraft plus back up settings and sharing settings.

You can manage your sites setting from this sub module and make it perfect and beautiful.

PLUGINS:

Plugin’s are very important contributors to a wordpress site. Every thing inside a word press is controlled by any sort of Plugins. 

So take utmost care during selecting and utilising Plugins and read it in detail do it properly in “How to start a Blog site  on WordPress”.

ELEMENTOR

It is a very good a premium page builder, with no limits of design . It is a beautiful page developing plugin for wordpress sites. Elementor page builder is free and open source.

Its PRO version is paid and much more developed than free version. It’s the ideal page builder plugin to be absolute and integrated further.

PAGE BUILDER BY SITEORIGIN

SiteOrigin Page Builder is the most popular page creation plugin for WordPress sites. It makes it easy for bloggers and site creators to create responsive column based content, using this widget.

It helps to modify your content as required basis and accurately adapt to all mobile devices, ensuring your site is mobile-ready.

SG OPTIMISER

This plugin is planned and created to link WordPress with the SiteGround Performance services. It will not work on another hosting provider except Site ground.

The SG Optimizer plugin has few different parts handling speciffic performance optimizations.

Here, you can allow or immobilize optimization for your newly uploaded images, bulk optimize your old ones and facilitate lazy loading for your site images.

SMUSH

It optimizes your images, turn on lazy load, resize, compress and improve your Google Page Speed with the incredibly powerful and 100% free WordPress image smusher/ compressor.  

Whether you enchant  it ‘optimise’ or ‘optimize’, Smush will condense all your images devoid of a visible drop in quality and optimize your page speed using its unique compression algorithm method.

TITAN ANTI SPAM AND SECURITY

Titan includes anti-spam, firewall, malware scanner, site accessibility checking, security and threats audits for WordPress websites.

Our security functions provide Titan with the latest firewall rules, malware signatures, and database of malicious IP addresses – all you need to ensure the security of your wordpress website.

Titan is a complete WordPress security solution, completed by a set of additional features as add-ons, which was placed into a easy and instinctive interface for users.

Why did we update Anti-Spam and what is Titan?

Let me tell you one thing before we start: Anti-Spam had not disappeared but instead of that it revived and became stronger to stand guard over the security of your site!

The latest update of Anti-Spam is called Titan Anti-spam & Security and represents the brand new version of a plugin.

I THEME SECURITY

iThemes Security (formerly known as Better WP Security) gives you over 30 ways to secure and protect your WordPress site.

On average, 30,000 new websites are hacked hackers by each day. WordPress sites can be an easy target for attacks because of plugin vulnerabilities, weak passwords and obsolete software.

Most WordPress admins don’t know they’re vulnerable to different online threats and hacking and iThemes Security facilitate to lock down WordPress, fix common holes, stop automated attacks and strengthen user credentials. With advanced features for experienced users, our WordPress security plugin can help solidify WordPress.

 UPDRAFT PLUS

It simplifies backup and restoration of your blog site. It is the world’s utmost ranking and most popular planned backup plugin, with over two million currently-active installs.

It backup your files and database backups into the cloud and restore with a single click only.

Backup into the cloud directly to Dropbox, Google Drive, Amazon S3 (or compatible), UpdraftVault, Rackspace Cloud, FTP, DreamObjects, Openstack Swift, and email.

The paid version also backs up to Microsoft OneDrive, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Storage, Backblaze B2, SFTP, SCP, and WebDAV.

 YOAST SEO:

Since 2008 Yoast SEO has served millions of websites worldwide to rank higher in search engine optimization. This WordPress SEO plugin helps you with your search engine optimization.

Yoast SEO is also the favorite WordPress SEO plugin of millions of users throughout the world.

Yoast SEO’s mission is SEO for Everyone. The plugin’s users range from small new web sites to very popular sites on the planet.

 SOCIAL MEDIA PLUGINS:

To increase your social presence and reach to maximum people you need social media. Hence this Social media plugin let’s you add share icons for RSS, Email, Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Pinterest, Instagram, Youtube, etc. (covering above 200 other social media platforms) and upload custom share icons of your choice.

After doing all these settings in your wordpress site your blog site will appear really beautiful and eye catching. So do all these actions  suggested in this article How to start a blog site on WordPress.

Don’t  forget to read my previous article on this topic ‘How to start a blog’.

Suggest me different topic you want to know through my articles and follow me on facebook, twitter & insta.

 

wordpress setting
wordpress plugin

SETTINGS:

Settings is an important portion of your blog site.

It include General settings, Writing settings, Reading settings, Discussions, Media, Permalink settings, Privacy, Anti-spam, Page builder settings, Updraft plus back up settings and sharing settings.

You can manage your sites setting from this sub module and make it perfect and beautiful.

PLUGINS:

Plugin’s are very important contributors to a wordpress site. Every thing inside a word press is controlled by any sort of Plugins. So take utmost care during selecting and utilising Plugins.

ELEMENTOR

It is a very good a premium page builder, with no limits of design . It is a beautiful page developing plugin for wordpress sites. Elementor page builder is free and open source.

Its PRO version is paid and much more developed than free version. It’s the ideal page builder plugin to be absolute and integrated further.

PAGE BUILDER BY SITEORIGIN

SiteOrigin Page Builder is the most popular page creation plugin for WordPress sites. It makes it easy for bloggers and site creators to create responsive column based content, using this widget.

It helps to modify your content as required basis and accurately adapt to all mobile devices, ensuring your site is mobile-ready.

SG OPTIMISER

This plugin is planned and created to link WordPress with the SiteGround Performance services. It will not work on another hosting provider except Site ground.

The SG Optimizer plugin has few different parts handling speciffic performance optimizations.

Here, you can allow or immobilize optimization for your newly uploaded images, bulk optimize your old ones and facilitate lazy loading for your site images.

SMUSH

It optimizes your images, turn on lazy load, resize, compress and improve your Google Page Speed with the incredibly powerful and 100% free WordPress image smusher/ compressor.  

Whether you enchant  it ‘optimise’ or ‘optimize’, Smush will condense all your images devoid of a visible drop in quality and optimize your page speed using its unique compression algorithm method.

TITAN ANTI SPAM AND SECURITY

Titan includes anti-spam, firewall, malware scanner, site accessibility checking, security and threats audits for WordPress websites.

Our security functions provide Titan with the latest firewall rules, malware signatures, and database of malicious IP addresses – all you need to ensure the security of your wordpress website.

Titan is a complete WordPress security solution, completed by a set of additional features as add-ons, which was placed into a easy and instinctive interface for users.

Why did we update Anti-Spam and what is Titan?

Let me tell you one thing before we start: Anti-Spam had not disappeared but instead of that it revived and became stronger to stand guard over the security of your site!

The latest update of Anti-Spam is called Titan Anti-spam & Security and represents the brand new version of a plugin.

I THEME SECURITY

iThemes Security (formerly known as Better WP Security) gives you over 30 ways to secure and protect your WordPress site.

On average, 30,000 new websites are hacked hackers by each day. WordPress sites can be an easy target for attacks because of plugin vulnerabilities, weak passwords and obsolete software.

Most WordPress admins don’t know they’re vulnerable to different online threats and hacking and iThemes Security facilitate to lock down WordPress, fix common holes, stop automated attacks and strengthen user credentials. With advanced features for experienced users, our WordPress security plugin can help solidify WordPress.

 UPDRAFT PLUS

It simplifies backup and restoration of your blog site. It is the world’s utmost ranking and most popular planned backup plugin, with over two million currently-active installs.

It backup your files and database backups into the cloud and restore with a single click only.

Backup into the cloud directly to Dropbox, Google Drive, Amazon S3 (or compatible), UpdraftVault, Rackspace Cloud, FTP, DreamObjects, Openstack Swift, and email.

The paid version also backs up to Microsoft OneDrive, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Storage, Backblaze B2, SFTP, SCP, and WebDAV.

 YOAST SEO:

Since 2008 Yoast SEO has served millions of websites worldwide to rank higher in search engine optimization. This WordPress SEO plugin helps you with your search engine optimization.

Yoast SEO is also the favorite WordPress SEO plugin of millions of users throughout the world.

Yoast SEO’s mission is SEO for Everyone. The plugin’s users range from small new web sites to very popular sites on the planet.

 SOCIAL MEDIA PLUGINS:

To increase your social presence and reach to maximum people you need social media. 

Hence this Social media plugin let’s you add share icons for RSS, Email, Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Pinterest, Instagram, Youtube, etc. (covering above 200 other social media platforms) and upload custom share icons of your choice.

After doing all these settings in your wordpress site your blog site will appear really beautiful and eye catching. So do all these actions  in your wordpress site and create your site. 

Now i can say this article will definitely help you to know How to start a blog site on WordPress.

Don’t  forget to read my previous article on this topic ‘How to start a blog’.

Suggest me different topic you want to know through my articles and follow me on facebook, twitter & insta.

How To Start A Blog- For Beginners

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How to start a Blog
How to start a Blog

If you are interested in blogging and you want to start a blog than move further and read this article “How to start a blog”. Otherwise it will not be useful for you but you can read it for gaining knowledge on Blogging.

If you want to start a blog whether it is blogging for business purposes or for personal pleasure starting a blog is a fun and creative way to express yourself and educate others.

And the best thing of all is that anyone can start a blog for free on the internet or by paying through hosting services.

Although it can be a bit of work starting off, don’t let that deter you from the experience and joy that can be gained from creating a masterpiece of a blog.

As your creation grows and builds an interactive online community, you will get that warm feeling of reward that can only be compared to a proud writer.

To become a professional blogger you need some qualities to inculcate inside of you.

How to start a Blog

There are basically two types of things you have to master on

  • Good writing skill:

To become a professional blogger you need to be a good writer and that to you have to love writing. Because to becoming famous in Blogging carrier you have to be patience. Also you need to be a content writer. You have to choose a content and write on that topic.

  • Good knowledge on a language:

Like a good writer you must be very proficient in the language you are writing. If you are good in English than start your blog in English and if you are good in Hindi than start your blog in Hindi.

Now that you know the basic things required for blogging. So move further in this article:

How to start a blog?

  1. Reasons for blogging:

You need to choose what you are blogging for. You are doing it for fun or for making money.

If you want visitors in your blog, what do you want them to do when they arrive and spend quality time inside your blog. If you just like to write, than it is fine, blogging can be absolutely curative in some ways.

  1. Niche- Fix on a topic:

If you are very sure about the motive that you are blogging then that will help you value and decide on what you are going to blog about.

Deciding your Niche is a crucial part of your blogging. So think it carefully and research properly before deciding your Niche.

What you are going to blog about is also dogged by the people that you are soothing to talk to.

You can blog about the topic you are mastered, on current news, on viral videos, on latest products and gadgets or controversial topics.

You can write down certain topics, of regular and related to your life style like Yoga, Gym, Health and Food.

By staying stable on one topic you can gain credibility and be seen as an expert in your field.

So if you have decided your Niche than start blogging.

You can go for making a Free blog site or a paid blog site.

  1. Free blog Site:

Free blogs are everywhere in the web.  In free blog you will be provided with free domain and free Hosting.

In free domain your decided domain name or Niche will come along with the platform name. e.g XYZ@blogger.com.

You just simply do a web search and you can hit upon some free good free blog providers. Some examples are blogger.com, WordPress.com, blog.com and Weebly.com. But in free blog sites you will not get the freedom you wanted you cannot change the theme you like or many more constraints are there.

Your blog will not be your own but; the domain will be something like deepaksblog.wordpress.com so you will have the same domain name as many other people have.

If you are trying to make money most of the free services don’t allow you to advertise on their sites and they will restrict you.

Free blogging services aren’t the finest options I will suggest you if you want to make it professional. It is just an easy and free way to start learning swimming in swimming pool before going to swim in river.

  1. Paid blog sites:

If you have decided to go for paid blogging site of your own than again two things you will need to start.

Purchase a DOMAIN name of your choice:

Now you will have to register and record a domain name (this is the actual name of your website/blog). Price range may defer as per the SEO difficulty and easiness.  It may be started from about 100 rupees and can go up to thousands.

You can use a service of Go-Daddy, Site-ground, Hostinger or Host gator to register you domain name.

The trendier domain names usually cost more. A nice simple option when opening is to go for names like firstnamelastname.com etc something like that.

You can always change the domain name later or have more than one all linking to the same actual webpage.

After purchasing domain you need a Host to start your website.

HOSTING:

For a paid blog you have to pay for the domain name and the hosting services.

Buying a hosting service is like buying a plot to construct a house. After buying hosting you are ready to construct  your blog site in internet.

You will then own the blog yourself and therefore have more control over the blog when you begin to try and make money.

A lot of the free blogs don’t allow you to advertise on it but you can start advertising and earn money in your paid blog sites.

You can get Hosting options through  HostGator.com, GoDaddy.com, Siteground.com all offer hosting solutions.  Some are cheap and some are costly.

At the time of buying you should see the performance of the site and match its up time with other service providers.

Most of these hosting provides will provide you with instructions on how to use of Word Press on your new hosted domain.

If you know HTML, Java and CSS you can beautifully design your website through codes.

  1. Traffic

When you publish something on your blog you want people to read it or watch it. This is where traffic comes in. If you want your blog to be successful you need to learn to get traffic to it.

There are many different options here depending on your expertise and budget. Basically traffic can be broken down into free and paid traffic.

Free traffic includes the following:

  • Search engine traffic of google, yahoo etc.
  • Social media traffic (Facebook, twitter, instagram etc)
  • Article marketing through different article posting sites.

All of these topics by themselves could be the topics of pages you want to write.

Paid traffic includes the following:

  • PPC (paid per click): advertising, eg the little ads you see at the top of every Google and yahoo search engines
  • Solo ads: which is where you pay someone with a large list of email subscribers to email them and tell them about your blog,
  • Banner advertising: you buy an advertisement space on a website for a set of term and advertise your site.

  1. Contents:

Once you have your site up and running you need to create posting relevant content in the form of articles, pictures or videos.

For ideas on what to write about check out current trending videos at YouTube.com, news providers like CNN.com, BBC, ZEE News, or simply Google search news.

So I hope this article “How to start a Blog” has given you a basic idea on starting a personal and professional Blog.

Have a great day!

Power Bank- A Complete Guide To How To Choose

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How to choose a power bank

I am pretty much frustrated when my smart phone batteries got empty. The same thing might happen with you all. Well there are two things you can do. First you will charge a smart phone or grab the power bank. Keeping in view i write this article “How to choose a power bank”.

But buying a good power bank is harder than you might think. Because of false advertising and paid review it is slightly confusing. So I am going to describe you some truth about power banks.

Smart phones have become our daily life companion and we need more and more battery life. Mostly a full charge is not enough for a day if you are a robust user. That’s why we should know how to choose a power bank.

The easiest way to expand your battery life is a power bank. But which one should you buy if you check out power banks on Amazon then you can find a lot of mixed reviews many reviews are paid.

In general, most people just search for the biggest capacity advertised for a low price. But this is something you should not do and the reason is that sellers mostly lie about the capacity.  

First let me explain how a power bank works and why you can’t simply divide your power banks capacity by a sound battery capacity and get the charging cycles.

 

HOW TO CHOOSE A BATTERY BANK:

Selecting a battery bank is not a small job but it is quite mind storming. Following topics will help you to know “How to choose a  good battery bank”.

TECHNOLOGY OF BATTERY BANKS:

So there are different kinds of power banks with different battery technologies.

Mainly two types of technologies are used in making battery banks. One is Lithium-ion technology and the other one is lithium polymer technology.

SIZE:

On the inside, cheaper power banks use lithium-ion cells especially the affordable 18650 cells. These cells are classified by its 18mmX 65mm size. They are cheaper and they are of size little bit larger than Lithium polymer batteries.

But well that’s the only advantage they have. A higher discharge rate just to get hotter and are not really durable compared to the new lithium polymer cells.

However Lithium polymer power banks are more expensive and also harder to get. But they are smaller and more durable on the long run.

FIRE CATHING/ EXPLODE:

Also the Lithium ion batteries can catch fire more easily because of their fluid electrolyte.

On the other hand Lithium polymer batteries use a solid or gel electrolyte and more safe.

CAPACITY:

Now let’s talk about the actual capacity. Because it gets tricky power banks get to 90% produced in China and most cheap unknown manufacturers of original manufacturer’s data tricky about the battery capacity.

So that’s a fact but although the capacity advertised is not the actual capacity that goes into your battery bank.

So first the capacity inside is measured as mAh that stands for milliamp hours and tells you how many milliamps or amps you can drain from the battery in one hour.

So for instance a 10,000 milliamp hour battery means you could drain 10,000 milliamp to one hour or for instance 1,000 milliamps for ten hours draining capacity.

But you can only do this at the rated voltage of the cells and most cells are rated at 3.7 volts. If you multiply a million amps and the rated voltage you get the actual energy.

 Which would be three point seven watt hours that means you can drain three points seven watts for one hour from the battery. But why do we need to know all that.

So you need to know that USB ports are made to operate at five volts. So you always plug a smart phone into five volt source. This is the output of the normal USB port of your notebook or phone charger.

So inside of the power bank the voltage has to be stepped up from the three point seven volts to five volts using a boost converter.

This conversion is not loss less that means there is a conversion loss to calculate. The root capacity takes the advertised power bank capacity times three point seven and divided by five this is how your real capacity calculated. And it’s always lower than the advertised capacity of the power bank.

The second factor is the efficiency factor.

And this one depends on your power bank. Cheaper power banks have a bad converter inside that transforms a lot of energy into heat which is lost by power bank. In high quality power banks have better up stepper resulting in a small loss.

So good power banks lose minimal and give you more power than worst quality power banks.

Let’s say 20% in some and 30% or way more in some power banks.

 Now let’s do the math. Your 10,000 mAh power bank at frequent cell walls actually can only supply seven thousand four hundred million AMPS at five volts.

And if the converters crap then maybe even less and maybe in a couple of months even more less because it sounds alter gradually with time.

So if you thought that you could charge your 2000mAh and you do not found five times with10,000 NH battery then you will disappointed because it just has 5900 mAh coming from with power banks.

Use B port and there is another conversion in your smart phone back to 3.7 volts. So this advertised 10,000 mAh power bank will charge a smart phone only around 2.5 times.

Also 10,000 mAh capacity power banks are common in use than other power banks. Because it is very handy and easy to carry.

PORTS:

Generally power banks come with 2 charging USB ports.

One is 1 A and other is 2.1A.

5V/1A port is used for smart phones because it needs around 1A current for charging.

5V/2.1A port is used for tablets because it needs some high current to be charged.

Today you can find 04 port or 05 port power banks with high capacity devices which enhances the charging capabilities of 4 or 5 devices simultaneously.

FAST CHARGING:

Now a day’s fast charging is one of the main features of battery bank. This specification is very useful in our day to day work and travelling. You can charge your smart phones with 18W fast charging speed.

In reverse how fast your battery bank recharges itself is also important. So check specifications more accurately with these features.

CASING:

Outer Casing is also much important as inside features. Outside casing should be attractive and durable. Normal Plastic casing can brake easily and catch fire. So go for hard plastic casing or silicon fiber casing.

External casings also available in market for extra cover and precaution to your power bank. You can purchase it and use it if you casing is not so durable.

 

PRECAUTION DURING POWER BANK USE:

·       Don’t use your smart phone or other devices while it is in charging condition. Because by doing this you are making the battery in line with the phone and it causes higher power draw and excessive heating of your device and power bank. If it is made up of Lithium ion technology then you should be more careful. Because it can explode and catch up fire. It may harm you or make a big fire incident.

·       For health benefits also you should not use your smart phone while it is charging. Because during charging if you will use your phone than battery chemicals may leak and harm you.

·       Battery may bulge in size and you can notice the swelling of your phone and power bank.

·       Charging capacity of your smart phone and power bank may decrease gradually and prone to unserviceable in frequent use.

·       You can get an electric shock during charging.

·       Radiation from your smart phone increases during charging. It will affect your health and may cause cancer.

CONCLUSION:

So be careful during usage of power bank and choose wisely during purchasing of such devices from market. Stay healthy and enjoy your life.

Have a good day.

 

OLED Vs QLED TV- KNOW THE DIFFERENCE

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TVs are very important part of human life. Today we are going to see the differences between two types of advanced televisions technologies. They are known as OLED and QLED. So now we will see the differences OLED Vs QLED.

Let’s see the main differences between OLED Vs QLED.

OLED Vs QLED:

In the topics below we will find the differences between OLED Vs QLED. Let’s go through these properties of OLED and QLED.

FULL FORMS:

OLED VS QLED

 

OLED VS QLED

OLED means Organic light emitting diodes. On the other hand QLED means Quantum dot Light emitting diode.

MANUFACTURING:

Basically QLEDs are the same as traditional LCDs just renamed over by Samsung. This is just a business tactics to sell their products. It does have new quantum filter on top to make the colors brighter and stuff like that. But basically it’s the same as LCDs.

However OLED is completely a different technology made by LG. But today various companies are manufacturing these type of Television sets. Now they do add their own technology on top of it to make it work the basic difference.

OLED TECHNOLOGY:

Organic light emitting diode

It is the fact that each pixel in the TV is charged and light up individually. It can turn on and turn off whenever it needs to. This individual pixel lightning technology with organic light emitting diodes makes it special.

Based on these fundamental differences if you were to ask which one is better? The answer would vary depending on your situation.

SURROUNDING EFFECTS:

What kind of room you’re going to be putting this TV. Now if you’re one of those people that just buy the TV for the usage of it and doesn’t really care about what kind of effects and differences these two technologies would have then it will not be beneficial for you.

But if you’re one of those people that really care about the details of how those TVs are going to be used in terms of where exactly in the house and what kind of room is it going to be placed in. And for what kind of stuff your TV can be used like it might be for sports, games, movies, serials, HD contents etc. Then this is how these two TVs differentiate between each other.

Type of rooms you are using also affects its performance. So if you have a cinema theater room or something like that in your house where everything is blacked out completely. Then all it is the way to go for OLED.

The reason for that is whenever the scenes have blacks in it those pixels would actually turn off to make it bright. The quality of videos and pictures will be very unique for you.

So on the other hand QLED does not work in this kind of situation because their blacks are actually not black they’re just similar to grayish color. But to a naked eye or a situation like that it might not make it a different.

 Honestly those kind of darker rooms are not available in every household. Hence the solution is QLED. So if you have a window or bright lights in the room, QLEDs are totally viewable without any problems.

VIEWING ANGLE:

OLED VS QLED Viewing Angle

Let’s talk about the viewing angle.

OLEDs are much better in terms of different angles viewing. Just because of the fact that their color variation does not change based on the angle that you’re looking from. So you can get the same colour from each part or corner of your room.

But on the other hand QLEDs that sense. They just let the light through them and they do change the colors based on the angle that you’re looking from. So if you’re in a room full of family members watching the TV from different angles the colors would be slightly different for each one of them.

CALIBRATION:

Let’s talk about calibration

Calibration is a technology where you can change the colors off your TV based on the room. That it’s in it generally just brings down the color tones to their natural state to be able to see from a naked eye just so the picture itself can look more natural. It also adds more life to your TV.

IMAGE BURN:

Let’s do make it much easier. Now let’s talk about the image burn for both of these technologies.

In case of OLED TVs,If you’re using it for too long.

So if you watch certain channel with their logo at one side of the TV for a very long time every single day then these pixels would have a burn image on the screen. So after prolonged use of a same channel you can see its logo embedding in other channels content.

But in case of QLED TVs this problem is not found. And it tend to do it a lot more than OLED TVs.

But again these are extreme examples if you’re just using it for everyday just like a normal TV being used and you would not be having any kind of issues.

WARRANTY:

Generally QLED do come with much better warranties than OLED TVs.

BRIGHTNESS:

OLED VS QLED Brightness

Brightness is more often used in marketing literature, refers to the emitted luminous intensity on screen.

It is measured in Candela per square meter (cd/m2). The higher the number the brighter the screen.

In case of OLED TVs the highest brightness can go around as about 800 to 850 cd/m2.

Where as in QLED TVs, it can go up to about 1500 cd/m2. So it can go very well  and very bright.

But even in normal watching situations the OLED TV that goes to about 800 to 850 units is good enough.

In brightness QLED TVs can go a lot brighter than OLED TVs. But even for HDR 800 to 850 users  there’s more than enough.

PICTURE QUALITY:

In case of OLED TVs you can get the best picture quality ever. Picture quality in terms of contrast, color and everything are good enough than other TVs.

In case of QLED TVs you can also get good picture quality. But again it changes as per viewing angle. The screen is more brighter than OLED TVs. Hence sometimes you may get “Light bleed effect”. In light bleed effect you will see slight haze around bright objects.

Advantages of OLED TVs:

  • No backlight required
  • Very thin transparent film than other monitos
  • Less power consumption than all monitors
  • Very high Contrast and real colour
  • Response time of 0.01MS
  • Refresh rate exceeding 1KHZ (1000hz) possible
  • Viewing angles
  • Flexible and transparent

Disadvantages of OLED TVs:

  • Organic materials used in OLED display degraded over time, like other organic material
  • Blue emissive pixels degraded more rapidly than their red and green counterparts, which leads to colour balance issues
  • Image retention issue, problem arises in static content display for an extended period. This problem can not be noticed in moving contents like TVs but for PCs it will be of serious concern.

Advantages of QLED TVs :

  • Resists moisture
  • Products will have long life span
  • Cost effective
  • Available in higher display sizes
  • It is thin and light weight
  • Good switching On/Off speed
  • Brightness is more
  • Low power consumption
  • Not susceptible to image burn

Disadvantages of QLED TVs :

  • Blue color is less saturated
  • Viewing angle is not so good. Best viewing is dead center.
  • Quality of the picture changes with viewing angle change
  • Light bleed effect. Because of this you will see slight haze around bright objects.
  • It doesn’t produce light by themselves. Hence Backlight unit is required.

And just to repeat myself OLED TVs have much newer technology where each pixel is turned on and off based off of the information that’s given to it. Their darks are completely dark because the pixel is completely turned off.

They’re very easy to calibrate. They’re not good with too much of a bright room or picture. If used for too long they will have burn outs on the screen and they do have edges much thinner and completely flushed.

On the other side QLED are same as LCDs. They are much brighter in color and they work really well in brighter rooms as well. They change picture color based on the angle that you’re looking from and the calibration of these TVs is a bit tedious than older TVs.

Since all of these amazing companies related to TV market are always looking for ways to advance their technologies.

Make sure that you do your own research on a specific model that you’re about to purchase before making the final purchase.

Now after reading this article OLED Vs QLED, I think all your doubts on QLED and OLED TVs might be cleared. So choose smartly and wisely.

Have a great day.

Smartphone- How To Choose A Best Smartphone

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how to choose a best smart phone

Today smartphone is an essential part of our life. Starting from bed and going back to bed at night everything we do,   this small thing always accompanies us. So today we will know “How to choose a best smartphone”.

HOW TO CHOOSE A BEST SMARTPHONE

This is how to choose a best smartphone that’s perfect for you. This is not the most fun place to start but it’s really important make a budget and stick to it.

High end phones have gotten really expensive and lower to your phones have gotten pretty affordable and really good.

You’ll find some excellent devices for around a thousand bucks but for most people that’s not the smartest purchase decision unless they’re getting a serious discount.

And in fact you can probably find a really good phone that fits all your needs for half the price.

 If your budget is Rs 30,000 and above, you’re looking at this year’s flag ship phones. If you have Rs 15,000 to 30,000 rupees to spend than choose your phone wisely. 

You’re looking at this year’s mid rangers or last year’s flagships holder flagships offer faster chip sets and better cameras but less battery efficiency.

While mid rangers offer a better battery efficiency your software and sometimes features like waterproofing. 

Under Rs 15,000 you’re playing the budget game which means that if you’re keen on a lot of features be prepared for some compromises.

If you’re smart you can get a phone that has the one or two features that you want and need the most. 

But the phone will probably withhold on the other ones speaking of which make sure to isolate needs from wants a lot of manufacturers push the best screen the best camera the best whatever. 

But well that’s great for innovation in the industry that might not be what’s best for you especially when it means spending hundreds more on a device.

ANDROID AND IOS

android vs ios

Now I know this is a very sensitive topic but we have to talk about Android and iOS.

If you’re stuck with one operating system and want to switch to another but are too scared because it’s too difficult or you lose all your data. Don’t be there’s a lot of apps that make switching very easy.

If you’re worried about a particular app now-a-days most popular apps will be available on both types of devices and you can always check the App Store or the Play Store to be sure.

If you have something that’s more specialized. iPhones have traditionally been more expensive but easier to use and Android has traditionally been more flexible with more features and cheaper.

This year that’s definitely been turned on its head since there have been really beautiful well designed super expensive devices from different manufacturers.

So now you’ve got your budget and an open mind and you’re ready to dive in.

SIZE

 size

First choose the size of your phone. Do you want the biggest screen possible for a YouTube and coffee in the mornings or do you want something that’s usable with one hand.

Even if a phone is comfortable to hold one-handed you still might have to check that your fingers are perfectly movable for searching notifications.

So if you have really small hands it might be really annoying when you’re looking for the best display possible.

COLOR AND BRIGHTNESS

smartphone color

You want good contrast the colors great brightness, but not necessarily amazing pixel density. 

You will notice if your phone is not bright enough to read outside and you will notice if you have really ugly colors. 

However you might not notice a huge difference between 1080p and 4k with that in mind. You should generally strive for a pixel density of around 400PPI.  

Pixel density isn’t generally that important unless you have a virtual reality headset or have amazing vision though.

If you’re using that VR site constantly with the screen this close to your eyes that might not be a problem.

CAMERAS

smartphone camera

Long cameras are some of the biggest selling points of phones nowadays.

But nowadays megapixels don’t really matter.

Photo and video quality depend on the phone sensors chip set software processing and aperture way more than megapixels and actual image size.

So if you want to find the best camera in your budget you have to compare photos and videos not specs.

Phone cameras biggest weaknesses are night shots and really contrasted light conditions. This is suddenly one of those areas where buying an expensive phone might make a huge difference.

If you’re the sort of person that likes to take a lot of videos make sure that the videos themselves have stabilization and good detail.

Generally you will get good photos with 16 and above mega pixels. But as a smartphone user more than 40 mega pixel camera is really not required.

But as a phone camera lover you can buy new phones up to 108 mega pixels.

BATTERY

phone battery

phone battery

Make sure that you’re gonna be getting the battery life that you need. Some people don’t mind charging their phone more often.

But others have higher expectations that’s you remember that a bigger battery doesn’t always mean better endurance.

 If an Android phone has a four thousand million power pack, it’ll probably last you ages. 

But since batteries are bulky, phones usually have less than that there are two numbers that you really need to care about.

The first is screen on time this is how quickly the battery dies when you’re actively using the phone. 

It’s an imprecise metric however since everybody uses their phone differently and you can’t rely on getting a similar screen on time as another user.

The other thing that you need to pay attention to is total battery life. This is how long the phone will last with average use including the time that the phone spend in your pocket.

Some phones have good screen on times but when they’re in your pocket and others have the opposite problem and remember these numbers are an average and not a guarantee.

For how long the phone will last they are the most useful and comparing the battery life of all the phones that we’ve tested.

In latest phone technology lithium –ion battery is used inside the phones. A new tech, like lithium-sulphur battery will power the smartphone more than 5 days. Future generation phones might come with this advanced battery.

So that you know which phone is better and by how much.

TYPE OF CHARGING

phone charging

So I bet you’ve noticed that a lot of phones with glass backs, which allow for wireless charging.

But what you might not be aware of is that wireless charging isn’t that good. It’s actually really slow and in fact there’s another technology that you should be paying attention to instead and that’s quick charging.

Some quick chargers are really awesome and they can charge your phone up to 50% in half an hour or sometimes even more faster. 

And you’re gonna find yourself in way more situations where you need a quick top-up versus that one Starbucks in your area or that one Airport that has a wireless charger which saves your life.

If you want wireless charging than you have to spend more.

STORAGE

 storage

If you get a phone that has less than 32 gigabytes of storage you’re gonna have a bad time no matter if you have an iOS or Android device.

Many phones don’t come with expandable storage and even if they do that’s not a guarantee that you’ll be able to use that SD card for apps if you have 16 gigabytes or less.

Also remember that the operating system also takes up space. As a rule of thumb SD cards are great for photos videos and maybe music if you download it. But as far as apps go they’re only good for Android 7.0 and up.

Also if you think that you’re going to survive 16 gigabytes and cloud storage you’re right but you’re not going to have a good time.

Today you can find 128 GB and above storage in moderate and high end phones.

RAM

For RAM, three to four gigabytes is a great place to start. More RAM equals better multitasking and more apps that you can open all at once.

DURABILITY

Your phone can survive your environments even if you’re a very careful person. A phone is always on you and accidents do happen.

Check out drop tests, scratch test, underwater tests and generally make sure that your phone can survive the bulk of what you’ll throw at it. 

This is the one of the good features of a smartphone.

CHIP SETS

 chip set

The chip sets I’ve listed here are all flagship level they include the future Snapdragon 865 which will replace the 855s.

Qualcomm Snapdragon MediaTek HiSilicon Samsung Exynos
865 Helio P90 Kirin 990 9825
855 Plus Helio G90T Kirin 980 9820
855   Kirin 970 9810
845   Kirin 960  

PHYSICAL INSPECTION

smartphone vi

Now that you’ve compared specs and found a list of devices that you like. Find a store, any store you’re not necessarily going to buy from there, but you have to meet your phone in person.

What you love on paper might annoy you in the hand. Maybe it’s too slippery. May be it has a weird edge. 

Maybe it’s really bulky. May be something just doesn’t fit you. You won’t know until you actually feel the device in your hands.

UNLOCKING METHOD

smartphone & lock

Make sure that you like the phone’s unlocking method. There is generally a few really common biometric unlocking methods including face recognition, touch ID, smart locking or iris scanning. The last one being sort of rare.

So if you hate face scanning don’t get the iPhone 10. If you wear gloves all the time make sure that the phone has a face unlock option. Face unlocking is available on Android but it’s not gonna be as secure as Apple’s.  

However you will have touch ID which is more secure than face ID.

UI (USER INTERFACE)

smartphone UI

Play around with these or interface and make sure that you like it because there is a limit to how much you can change it. And every single manufacturer seems to have their own version of Android nowadays.

Of course there is this trend where stock Android is becoming more of a thing but it’s not yet enough of a thing for you to really rely on that speaking of which if you are into. 

Android make sure to get a phone with the latest operating system or at least last year’s update for right now that means Android PIE i.e. 9.0 or Android 10. This will give a wonderful experience of smartphone user.

Don’t count on getting major updates from most manufacturers. So make sure to be happy with the package that you’re going to get on day one.

There are a few exceptions to this like the pixel phones. But for the most part this is the way the industry works. 

While you’re opening a bunch of apps, play a game take a selfie use the camera app make sure that everything is the way that you want it to be.

If everything checks out, you might have found your perfect match where you might have found several smartphones of your choice.

Now after reading this article on how to choose a best      smartphone ,you will find it easier to choose best smartphone from market.

For more such articles, stay tuned to my blogs and follow me on my insta and facebook id in below link.

Have a great day.

Gaming Monitor- How To Choose A Gaming Monitor

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How to choose a gaming monitor
How to choose a gaming monitor

Gaming is a hobby for game lovers. Today gaming in computer is very much advanced than the early periods. So having a good monitor for online gaming is pretty much important. That’s why i bring this topic “How to choose a gaming monitor”. 

Now buying a new gaming monitor can be a bit tricky there’s loads of things to consider, whether the size of resolution, the type panel used, refresh rates, response times, adaptive sync technologies, ports.

What if you want to use the monitor of the games console or maybe you’ve been eyeing up one of these fancy ultra-wide monitors.

Perhaps you’re wondering if you should invest in a 4K gaming monitor can all be a bit overwhelming.

You can of course to type into Amazon, something like 24 inch gaming monitor filter by customer rating and buy one that looks nice and it’s within your budget.

 That’s one way of doing it, but even a basic model will set you back 10’s of thousands. 

So before you go and buy one and spend your hard earned money just give me a few minutes and when you through everything you need to know about buying the right gaming monitor for you.

HOW TO CHOOSE A GAMING MONITOR

The following specifications will be important while selecting a gaming monitor.
 

SIZE AND RESOLUTION

gaming monitor size

gaming monitor resolution

So let’s kick off with the most important stuff: size and resolution, you can get gaming monitors in all sorts of sizes from 17 to 40 inches the most common size is 24 inches and it’s big enough to make a useful second screen.

If your main computer is a laptop and it’s popular enough though there are loads to choose from only usually pretty cheap now the vast majority of 24 inch monitors have a resolution of 1920 x 1080p also known as ‘Full HD’ which the same resolution as most TV’s.

 The next size up is 27 inches which is becoming much more common and popular with gamers and power users who want the extra screen and real state.

Now if you get 27 inch monitor with the same 1080p resolution everything starts to get a little bit blurry or that sharp because the pixels are bigger so the pixel per inch density is lower.

In my experience if you want – 27 inch monitor i would definitely recommend getting one with a 2560 x 1440 resolution also known as quad HD.

Unless you’re a casual user who just want something cheap and basic I would say a 27-inch 2560X1440p in my opinion is the perfect monitor and resolution combination right now but it does add to the price.

But what about 4K and also why monitor like this one?

While you can get 4K or 3840 x2160p monitors as small as 24 inches.

But popular size is 27 inches. Though, I don’t think 27 inches is big enough to really take advantage of all those extra pixels and things like text and icons will start look smaller.

You can of course make them bigger using scaling in Windows and Mac, but it doesn’t work well for everything.

I would say if you really want a 4K gaming monitor, get at least a 30 inch or bigger one.  

I think that’d be the best suited to that sort of high resolution and you can be then take advantage of all that extra detail all those extra pixels.

I’ve talked about 4K monitors quite a bit in other videos but what exactly is the benefit of getting a 4K monitor.

I mean it was talking about 4K TV’s and 4K Blu-ray and you know the next generation of consoles supporting possibly 4K gaming UHD player.  

So what’s the point in getting a 4K monitor? 

Well, basically they have eight million pixels that’s four times as many competitors normal full HD monitor and what that means is everything sharper, clearer, and generally appears more detailed.

But the problem is pushing four times as many pixels means that you need a much faster computer to power it, especially if you’re gaming.  

If you up the resolution to 4K it will have a massive impact on your frame rate in games and in all.

Honestly I wouldn’t recommend 4K monitors to the vast majority of people out there, not yet at least unless you have a beast of a PC with the likes of an NVIDIA 1080 graphics card you won’t get a consistent 60 fps in modern games at high settings. 

So for gamers, stick to 24 or 27 inch monitor with 1080p or 1440p resolution respectively.

It will be good for low budget monitors. But for high budget I would prefer 4K and 5K monitors with UHD. 

As today games are more graphically designed and could use more of your pixels with a good in-build graphic card with high refresh rates.

However if you are  a creative professional, may be a developer, someone who really wants a big monitor who wants to keep it looking sharp a 4K is a good choice. 

There are good 4K monitors, getting more affordable but you just make sure your PC is powerful enough to run it and crucially has the right port but we’ll talk about more about that later on.

Now finally in terms of sizes, let’s talk about ultra-wide monitors where most monitors and TV’s have a 16:9 aspect ratio Ultra-Wide like this one have a 21:9 aspect ratio, so they’re not any taller they just a lot wider.

This is great for watching movies having multiple programs open at once and playing games it really adds to the immersion the most common sizes of all towards are 29 and 34 inches with resolution of 2560 x 1080p and 3440 x 1440p respectively. 

There is definitely a price premium to be had with Ultra-wides but they do look great.

I think they were good alternative to having multiple monitor setup you know rather than having two monitors here with a bezel in the middle you have to try hard.

This looks much nicer, but you don’t have to break the bank to get one there are some good value ones out there but if you want a bigger one like this 34 inch one.

One with a high 3440 x 1440p resolution, ultra wide and extras like juicing going to pay quite a bit more for and also getting in one curved is going to add to the price.

DESIGN, FLEXIBILITY AND VIEWING

viewing angle

horizontal viewing angle

gaming monitor vertical va

I tend to prefer monitors with really thin bezels. It’s really up to you what they look like, the one thing that is probably worth mentioning about the design is how flexible they are how much you can move them around.

Some monitors can be tilted, raised, lowered, swivel, and rotated 90 degrees so you can use and vertically and even VESA mounted.

If you want to take the stand off and mounted to your desk or the wall, other ones don’t move at all. 

So if you’re someone who wants to move it around a lot, if you’ve got a weird shape desk or you want to rotate it 90 degrees look at the part description to see just how flexible it is. 

Now let’s talk about panels that sounds really boring, I know but it is pretty important that makes a big difference to how good your monitor looks there are three types: IPS, TN, and VA.

TN panels are cheaper, and they offer better response times, so you don’t get as much ghosting effect when playing games or watching fast-moving content, but they do generally have pretty rubbish viewing angles.

 IPS on the other hand is more expensive, has slight slow response times, and depending on the quality might suffer from IPS glow but despite all that they have well there’s a lot more color accurate they have fantastic viewing angles.

 In my opinion the other preferred panel to go for similarly is a VA panel. 

They are very similar to IPS they tend to offer better contrast ratio, so you get deeper blacks, richer white, slight more vibrant colors but they tend not to have the best as quite good viewing angles either IPS.  

So unless you’re a professional gamer who wants the absolute fastest response time the lowest input lag. 

Perhaps you can forgo the good viewing angles and go for a TN panel if your general user. If your photo as if you value color accuracy, definitely try and pay the extra to get IPS or VA panel.

REFRESH RATE

refresh rate

Next up are refresh rate this is the number of times your panel refreshes per second. The more if it does the smoother everything looks. 

The vast majority of monitors have a 60Hz refresh rate, but now-a-days monitors are offering higher refresh rate is anything from 75 to 200 Hertz.

A high refresh rate is really nice feature to have.  But anything above a 120Hz, your struggle to notice the difference however jumps from 60 to a 100 or a 120 well offer a big difference.

Games will feel slicker and smoother moving the mouse around a desktop will certainly become a nice to experience. 

Some people especially gamers swear by a high refresh rate monitor. In my opinion though having used a variety of them I actually decided to stick with an Ultra-wide monitor which has a basic 60 Hertz refresh rate or more. 

It is worth mentioning that in games you’ll only see the benefit of high refresh rates if your PC is fast enough to push the games above 60 frames per second.

If you have an average PC, then you get 30 to 40 FPS in games you know they’re taking advantage of a 120Hz monitor for gaming, So weren’t going to be any use to you.

High refresh rate monitors definitely cost more. But it’s a really nice feature to have i do recommend it, if you can afford it. You don’t have to have it as a self so. 

If you can afford, than an ultra-wide with a high refresh rate of 144Hz and above is a pretty cool feature.

PORTS

gaming monitor ports

Now a quick mention about ports, I know it’s boring but there are just two kinds of ports on monitors that you need to worry about HDMI and Display Port. 

Older monitors have VGA, VGA and DVI ports but considering this is a toy 16 video and I guess you guys are watching this because you are interested in buying a new monitor not going to worry about all those old port.  

So HDMI and Display Port, currently the vast majority of monitors have a HDMI 1.4 port and or a Display Port 1.2, that’s great, nothing really to worry about there.

But if you want a 4K monitor, you need to make sure both the monitor and the graphics card in your computer support the newer HDMI 2.0 connection, otherwise you’ll be limited to just 30Hz at 4K which will make your computer feel really slow.

Display Port 1.2 on the other hand is capable of 4K at 60Hz. 

So that’s the best way of doing 4K right now a 1440p you can only get 60Hz over HDMI 1.4 so again Display Port 1.2 is your best bet, unless of course you’re monitor and you’re graphics card support HDMI 2.0. 

But that is a bit rare right now so the moral of the story is where possible use a Display Port 1.2 connection but HDMI is fine for1080p or 1440p resolutions as long as you’re not doing running a high refresh monitor.

Now Display Port 1.3, 1.4, an HDMI 2.0, are all sort of coming about coming out now in the new graphics card like the NVIDIA GTX 1070, 1080 and the NVIDIA GTX 480.

G-SYNC or FREESYNC

G-SYNC AND FREESYNC

Now moving on from port should be glad to hear it to another feature you might be interested in particularly if you’re a big gamer is G-SYNC or FREESYNC. 

These are what are called adaptive sync technologies from NVIDIA and AMD respectively.

Basically they work by making sure your graphics card and your monitor refresh at the same time. 

So it reduces screen tearing, get rid of some stuttering and reduces input lag. 

Which makes your games can feel smoother I wouldn’t say it’s as big or as an important feature as getting a monitor with a high refresh rate in my opinion.

But if you want the best gaming experience and G-SYNC and FREESYNC monitor is a great idea G-SYNC in particular does quite a bit to the cost of a monitor and of course can only be used with NVIDIA graphics card. 

FREESYNC tends to be quite a lot cheaper but again can only be used with AMD cards.

ULMB (ULTRA LOW MOTION BLUR) AND OVERDRIVE

But i want to mention a couple more features I just quickly, one of them is Ultra Low Motion Blur (ULMB) and other is overdrive. 

ULMB as it attempt reduces motion blur and it worked quite well. But the problem is, it reduces the monitors brightness by often up to 30 to 40%.

The other feature I also didn’t really use is: overdrive, which artificially lower response times which reduces ghosting but the same time it does increase input lag which is the time between say clicking a mouse and the gun firing in your game on the computer.  

So ULMB and Overdrive, often built into monitors. They’re quite common but you might have a play around with you want to use them or not but generally there’s just too many issues. If you have G-SYNC freezing that’s better than UMLB, and overdrive.

Well, just make sure you can either put on medium to ever put on high or very high you get weird artifacting but generally just keep it off it’s not something I would really recommend is not a game-changing feature.

As for the next generation of consoles on the PS4 NEO or whatever it’s called, Xbox One S and ‘Project Scorpio’ it might be worth investing in a 4K monitor to take advantage of the Ultra HD Blu-ray players and potentially there 4K gaming.

Now what would be the perfect monitor? For some Ultra-Wide like this it doesn’t have all the bells and whistles that doesn’t have juicing or high refresh rate, but I really do appreciate the wide angle for many of you though a solid 27-inch 1440p IPS high refresh rate, G-SYNC monitor would be the ideal of a perfect monitor.

But you are going to pay more for those features you’re looking. You may want a 4K monitor, perhaps of 32 inch one you don’t care about G-SYNC that saves on some money. 

But again 4K still does have a bit of a premium over the lower resolution. So one it will just come down to what you’re going to use it for, and how much you’re going to pay.

So, I hope this article “How to choose a gaming monitor” will help you decide also monitor you want to buy. Now, this article is helpful to clean up a few things for you. 

Do let me know in the comments below it would be great to hear your thoughts or tweet me . Follow me on insta and facebook for more such articles.

Have a great day.

 

Monitor Vs TV 10 important points

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Monitor Vs TV 10 important points
Monitor Vs TV 10 important points

Today we will know about what is the difference between Monitors and Television. So i bring this topic “Monitor Vs TV 10 important points”. 

Imagine using a TV as a monitor and vice versa. It is very cool to use one large monitor as a TV. But really you want to do this?

The answer to this question is in this article. So, have a glance at this and after reading your view will be clear on this question.

Both Monitors and TVs are playing a great role in our entertainment and education life. Without these two things we couldn’t imagine todays modern life. 

As people are spending half of their life either infront of TV or Monitor.

Both Monitor and TV are similar in nature and physical structure. 

So, is it ok if we buy a high-end monitor and use it like a TV or buy a high end TV and start using it as a monitor. It is never the same. There is a huge difference in between both of these items.

Let’s start exploring the differences between these two similar things Monitor Vs TV.

MONITOR Vs TV 

10 IMPORTANT POINTS 

1.    SCREEN SIZE:

Monitor Vs TV Size

When we are using a monitor and TV we are very particular about size. 

Because, both of these are used for different works. Monitor is used with computer CPUs and need for work or any other web/internet related activity.

Whereas, TV is used as entertainment purpose only.   

We cannot do any office work with TV but today with the help of smart TVs we can definitely socialize our life with the help of internet connection or fire-sticks.

So size is a very much particular objective of choosing Monitors and TVs. 

Basically we prefer a large screen size TV for our home but a small/medium monitor to do our work which is handy and consuming less space so that we can keep it in front of our sitting table.

2.    DISPLAY RESOLUTION

Monitor Vs TV Resolution

It is the second objective of choosing monitors and TVs. 

Today we can get 4K to 8K resolutions in both TVs and monitors.

But the question is, Why we need resolution and what is resolution?

Resolution is the visual dimension of any given display. It is expressed in terms of width and height of monitors. Also it is comprised of specific number of pixels.

It is the number of distinct pixels in each dimension that can be displayed.

Todays 4K monitors are common in monitor range (4K means 3840x 2160) .

And for TVs Also 4K UHD, HDR- 5 and above are common.  

So if we are choosing monitor for any video editing , photo editing and graphics deigning than we should go for higher resolutions. 

Because higher resolution monitor will give you accurate and natural display.

3.    PPI:

Pixels per Inch

Pixels per inch is good with a larger number of pixels per inch. 

Definitely closer spacing produces a sharper image as there are more pixels in a given area.

Generally 96 PPi is good for Televisions and above 150 PPI is good for monitors.  

For sharper and detailed image, this specification is very much important.

In TV sets less PPI is required to watch videos but in monitors higher PPI is preferable.

4.    COLOR GAMUT:

Color Gamut

It is the range of colors that can be displayed in monitor. 

It is usually shown by an enclosed area of the primary colors of the device on the chromaticity diagram.

As we know AdobeRGB and SRGB are preferred for LCD and monitors. Out of this AdobeRGB is characterized by a broader range than the other.

Like these today most of the manufacturers provide DCI-P3. It is a common RGB color space for digital video transmission. 

It is wider in color variety and recent development in the field of digital colors.

So more the DCI-P3 percentage more colors you will get.

5.    CONTRAST:

To watch videos in TV and monitor contrast is an important feature.

What is contrast?

Contrast is the ratio of the luminosity of the brightest color (white) to that of the darkest color (black) that the monitor is capable of producing.

The more the contrast the better is the picture and video quality. 

Hence for both Monitors and TVs higher contrast ratio is preferable. For TVs this is more important as we are not only watching videos but it affects our eye sight.

 6.   VIEWING ANGLE:

Monitor Vs TV Viewing Angle

 

Horizontal Viewing Angle

Angle of viewing is also an important feature of monitors and TVs. What is viewing angle ?

It is the maximum angle up to which images on the monitor can be viewed, without any variation in image quality.

Maximum viewing angle in today’s monitors and TVs are 178/178 (1780 in horizontal viewing and 1780 in vertical).

In reality IPS (In plane switching) and VA (Vertical Alignment) type panels are the only technologies available today, which can truly offer wide viewing fields and are commonly quoted as 178/178 (1780 in horizontal viewing and 1780 in vertical)

So go for IPS technology monitors and TVs.

If you are buying a TV, then this feature is most important.

7.    REFRESH RATES:

Monitor Vs TV Refresh rates

It is the number of times in a second that a display is illuminated and refreshes itself. 

Maximum refresh rate is limited by response time.

Refresh rate of monitors are 60Hz, 120 Hz,144 Hz, and 240 Hz respectively. If you are buying a monitor, than go for higher refresh rates. 

Because in most of the video editing and graphical programs higher refresh rates will be useful. If you are a gamer than higher refresh rates are necessary for your monitor. Otherwise ghosting will occur in your screen.  

But if you are buying a TV than refresh rate of 60Hz to 120Hz is sufficient as a good quality video content can be seen with the help of this much refresh rates.

In general, 60Hz means refresh rate 60 times per second and 120Hz means your screen will refresh 120 times in a second.

For more details on refresh rates read my previous blog on Frame rate Vs Refresh rate.

8.    RESPONSE TIME:

It is the time a pixel in a monitor takes to go from active (white) to inactive (black) and back to active (white) again. It is measured in milliseconds.

For monitors lesser response time is good and for TVs it is of less use. 

Because in monitors at the time of various program execution response time will be effective but in TVs you only watch videos 10 or 20 mille seconds will not hamper your video.

Typically a LCD response time is under 10ms (10 milli seconds), now a day’s monitors come with as fast as 01ms.

So choose wisely.

9.    OPERATING SYSTEM:

operating system

Today we are in a world of advanced internet and web browsing. 

People prefer to spend time in Internet more than normal television programs.

There are so much online contents like You tube, Netflix, Amazon prime, Hotstar etc. which are playable only in smart TV.

So a smart TV is a TV having its own operating system and memory.

But this facility is not available for normal monitors. As monitors are not working independently and are dependent on CPUs.

Today most of the smart TVs are available in market with latest Android systems and good quality processors of its own with artificial intelligence (AI). 

These are called Next Gen Smart TVs.

AI feature helps in voice interpretation, picture quality management, sound and video quality management and also helps in interconnecting various other devices of your room.

10.  MEMORY:

ram

Smart TVs come with its own internal memory. RAM of 2GB capacity is common in smart TVs. 

Because of RAM various video contents and links can be saved in TVs. 

Also it helps in graphics processor management of TVs.

But monitors are not having any internal memory and they are using computer storage devices for such actions.

SUMMARY

Now you can understand the difference between Monitor Vs TV. 

Except these ten things other small features like internal sound system, HDMI ports capacity, USB port capacity, wi-fi connectivity, Bluetooth connectivity, HLG support, micro dimming are installed in TVs. 

And these features are not available with any monitor types.

So decide yourself your purpose and buy your monitor or TV as per specifications you require. 

And remember this article “Monitor Vs TV 10 important points”.

Also a big size TV in a home will give you more quality time with family and a matter of pride than an extra large monitor.

For more topics like this stay tuned to my blogs. If you want more knowledge on this topic read my previous articles.

Have a great day!

Frame rate Vs Refresh rate- All You Need To Know

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FRAME RATE VS REFRESH RATE
FRAME PER SECOND AND REFRESH RATE

Out of all the features of Monitors and TV two features are little bit confusing, those are frame rate and refresh rate. After reading this article Frame rate Vs refresh rate, your doubts on frame rate and refresh rate will be cleared.

When we talk about any display system let it be smart phones, television sets and monitors these two common words knocks our head. Many times, people find these two terms bit confusing. So i decided to write this article Frame rate Vs Refresh rate which will clear your doubts.

FRAME RATE VS REFRESH RATE

So, in this lesson, let’s understand what is called frame rate and refresh rate. Now we will explore these two words and specifications.

FRAME RATE PER SECOND (FPS)

Frame rate Vs refresh rate

The frame rate is defined for the content which is going to be shown on these displays and an important feature to discuss in this article Frame rate Vs Refresh rate.

So, if you take the case of any video, then it consists of the multiple frames or the still images which are slightly different from one another. 

And when these different frames are shown sequentially in a very short interval, then it gives the human eye an illusion of the motion.

So, the frame rate defines the rate at which the frame appears on the display. And it is defined as the number of frames per second or simply known as FPS.

And if you see worldwide, the different types of content are displayed at different frame rate. For example, the movies are displayed at 24 frames per second.

But in case of standard television shows, they are displayed at either 25 frames per second or at the 30 frames per second.

Frame rate also defers from country to country.  

So, the countries which were following the NTSC standard, the standard frame rate in these countries was 30 frames per second.

While the countries which were following the PAL standard, in these countries the frame rate was 25 FPS.

What are these standards which are driving the world of digital television and digital video broadcasting?

In world there were three major analog color television system called NTSC, PAL, and SECAM.

NTSC:

derived from National television system committee. It is the analog television color standard and was first introduced in America during 1950s. 

Now this color system is obsolete and non-effective. The countries using NTSC system are converted to ATSC, DVB , ISDB and DTMB.

ATSC:

ATSC (Advanced television systems committee) standard is the American set of standard for digital television and digital video transmission. 

It is the replacement of NTSC and mostly used in United States, Canada, Mexico and Japan. The standard frame rate in these countries is up to 120 frames per second.

DVB:

DVB (Digital video broadcasting) standard is a set of global open standards for digital televisions and digital video transmission. It is mostly used in European countries. 

The standard frame rate in these countries is up to 50 FPS.

ISDB:

ISDB (Integrated services digital broadcasting) standard is a Japanese standard for digital televisions. Initially it was started at Japan in the year 2003. A lot of countries have adopted this standard. 

It is mostly being used in Asian, African and American countries. The standard frame rate in these countries is up to 60 FPS.

DTMB:

DTMB (Digital terrestrial multimedia broadcasting) standard is the digital television standard developed by China. Asian and African Countries are using this standard. 

Asian countries like Pakistan, Cuba, Laos, China, Hong Kong, Cambodia and Macau. African countries like Comoros and Caribbean countries like Cuba are using this standard. The standard frame rate in these countries is up to 50 FPS.

PAL:

PAL (Phase Alternating Line) is a color encoding system for analog television used in broadcast television systems in the most countries broadcasting at 25FPS. 

This system is an old system and countries using this system are converted to above new standards like DVB, ISDB and DTMB.

SECAM:

SECAM (Sequential color with memory) is an analog color television system first used in France. It is one of three old standards and no longer exists. 

The countries which were using this standard, are converting to DVB system.

So, currently four standards ATSC, DVB, ISDB and DTMB are effective throughout the world.

So, apart from these television shows, if we talk about the high action sports or some live broadcast, then it is broadcasted at 60 FPS.

And apart from that if we talk about the games, then usually they are played at 60 or higher frame rates.

And the content provided by the video-sharing or the streaming services on the internet varies from 24 FPS to 60 FPS. So, as you can see, the different types of content is provided at different frames per second.

REFRESH RATE

Frame rate Vs refresh rate

And when we watch or interact with this content on our smart phone display or on the television, then the refresh rate comes into the picture. 

So, basically, the refresh rate defines how many times per second the display is getting updated.

For some television display, if the refresh rate is 60 Hz, then it means that the display will get updated at 60 times per second. 

The ideal refresh rate of today’s monitor and television is 60 Hz.

But there are some displays which are also available at higher refresh rates. And usually, there is a belief that the higher refresh rate gives a better viewing experience.

But actually, it depends on the frame rate of the content which is going to be shown on the display. 

So, for example, if you watch 30 FPS content on either 60 Hz or 120 Hz display, then you won’t feel much difference in terms of the viewing experience. 

So, in case of the 60 Hz display, the same frame is displayed twice per second. In the case of the 120 Hz display, the same frame will be displayed 4 times per second.

pull down technique

PULL DOWN TECHNIQUE

On the other end, if you are watching any movie which is filmed at 24 frames per second, then on the 60 Hz display it is shown using the pull-down technique

That means every alternate frame is displayed 3 times and the two times respectively on the display screen. And except some panning shots, this technique won’t get noticed by the human eye.

On the other end, if the same film is displayed on 120 Hz display, then each frame is displayed 5 times per second. 

In short, to get a better viewing experience, the refresh rate of the display should be more than the frame rate of the content. 

So, if you watch 30 FPS content on 60 Hz or120 Hz TV, then it won’t make much difference in terms of the viewing experience.

But these high refresh rate displays will be very useful when you are interacting with the contents which is displayed on the screen. 

For example, with high refresh rate displays on the smart phone, when you are scrolling the screen or the interacting with the screen, it gives you a smoother experience. 

Or even when you are playing the game with the high frame rate on such screen, it gives you a smoother experience.

So, let’s say you are playing some game on the PC which renders the frame at 120 FPS. 

So, to play such a game, the native refresh rate of the display should be at least 120 Hz. So, if you play such a game on the 60 Hz monitor, then it can show only 60 frames per second. 

On the other end, let’s say, you have a 120Hz display and the PC is able to output the frames at the 90 FPS. 

So, if there is no synchronization between the monitor and the graphics card, then you might see a screen tearing while playing the game. 

That means the information of two or more frames will get displayed on the same frame. So, to avoid such screen tearing, the different synchronization techniques like G-Sync and the Free-sync can be used.

gsync and free sync

 So, to use such technology, both monitor and the graphics card should support these technologies. 

So, in case of the G-Sync, there is some special chip in the display which communicates with the graphics card. 

And in a way, it lets the monitor to vary its refresh rate to match the frame rate of the graphics card or vice a Versa.

The graphics card can match its frame rate based on the maximum refresh rate of the display.

So, this AMD’s Free-Sync is similar to the G-Sync technology, but it doesn’t require the proprietary chip in the monitor. 

And instead, this Free-Sync relies on the display port’s adaptive sync specification.

So, in short, using this synchronization technology, it is possible to use even lower refresh rate monitors with the high-end GPUs. Or vice a Versa, the higher refresh rate monitors with the low-end GPUs.

 But of course, with the high refresh rate monitors, the gaming experience would be much smoother. 

And today, not only 120 Hz but even 240 or480 Hz displays are also available. And these displays claims to provide the motion blur-free viewing experience with the high frame rates. 

So, for this displays, the native refresh rate is still either 60 or 120 Hz, but using the different techniques like interpolation and the black frame insertion, virtually they increase the frame rate of the display. And using this they try to reduce the motion blur.

INTERPOLATION

Frame rate Vs refresh rate interpolation

 In case of the interpolation, based on the current frame and the next frame, the display itself generates the intermediate frames.

BLACK FRAME INSERTION

black frame insertion

While in case of the black frame insertion, to reduce the motion blur, the alternate black frame is inserted between the regular frames.

Using these few techniques, TV manufacturers market the high refresh rate displays. 

So, in conclusion, the high refresh rate displays are only good when the content is also available at the high frame rates.This is the end of my article Frame rate Vs Refresh rate.

I hope in this article Frame rate Vs Refresh rate, you understood what is Frame rate Vs Refresh rate, and how they are related to each other.

If you have any suggestion, do let me know in the comment section below and follow me on instagram and facebook for more topics like this.

To know more about different features of monitors look into my last article “EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT MONITORS (PART-II)’’.

Have a good day!

Monitors for PC (Part-2)- All You Need To Know

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Monitors for PC
Monitors for Personal Computers

Today we will see different features of monitors by the name “Monitors for PC (Part-2)”. At the time of buying any monitor from market, we will look into these features for our benefit.

Before starting the topic Monitors for PC,we should know that a monitor usually comprises of mainly four substances i.e. visual display, circuits, power supply and outer casing.

MONITORS FOR PC:

Now let’s look into the features of a general monitors for PC :

1.VIEWABLE IMAGE SIZE:

Monitors for PC- SIZE

The quotable screen size is the full viewable size of a monitor. It is usually measured diagonally.

But the actual widths and heights are more informative since they are not affected by the aspect ratio in the same way.

Screen size (measured diagonally in inches) Resolution
15’’ 1024x 768
17’’ 1280x 1024
18’’ 1280x 1024
19’’ 1280x 1024
19 ws 1440x 900
20’’ 1600x 1200
20 ws 1680x 1050
21’’ 1600x 1200
21ws 1680x 1050
22ws 1680x 1050
23ws 1920x 1200
24ws 1920x 1200
25ws 1920x 1200
26ws 1920x 1200
27ws 2560x 1440
28ws 2560x 1440
29ws 2560x 1440
30ws 2560x 1600
32ws 1920x 1080
34ws 3440x 1440
35ws 3440x 1440
43’’ 3840×2160
49’’ 5120×1440
   

2. Aspect ratio is the ratio of the horizontal length to the vertical length. Monitors for PC usually have the aspect ratio 4:3, 16:9, 21:9 are common.

Some common aspect ratios with their resolutions are listed below as per usage timeline:

Aspect ratio Common Resolutions support Usage history
4:3 1024×768, 1600×1200 common until 2003, matches the aspect ratio of analogue TV, non-widescreen  SDTV and early 35 mm film
5:4 1280×1024 common until 2003
3:2 2160×1440, 2560×1700 used in some portable PCs since 2013
16:10 1280×800, 1280x 720, 1920×1200 common between 2003 and 2010
16:9 1366×768, 1920×1080 common since 2008, matches the aspect ratio of HDTV and widescreen SDTV
21:9 2560×1080, 3440×1440 used in some professional and gaming displays since 2015 and common in ultra wide IPS display
32:9 3840×1080, 3840x 2160(ultra HD,4k) 5120×1440, 5120×2880 (5k) 7680×4320 (8k) used in some high-end displays since 2017

3.    DISPLAY RESOLUTION

Monitors for PC- RESOLUTION

It describes the visual dimension of any given display. It is expressed in terms of width and height of monitors for PC. Also it is comprised of specific number of pixels.

It is the number of distinct pixels in each dimension that can be displayed. For a given display size, maximum resolution is limited by dot pitch.

Aspect ratio Resolutions Usage History
4:3 1024×768, 1600×1200 Early monitors for PC
5:4 1280×1024 Used upto 2003
16:10 1280×800,1280×720, 1920×1200 Common after 2003
16:9 1366×768, 1920×1080 Common after 2010
21:9 2560×1080, 3440×1440 Common after 2014
32:9 3840×1080, 3840x 2160(ultra HD,4k) 5120×1440, 5120×2880 (5k) 7680×4320 (8k) Common after 2017 (8K is the latest technology)

720p resolution or 1280x 720p, is the lowest of the HD capable resolution and widely used by HDTV broadcasters.

1080p resolution or 1920x 1080p, is a non-interlaced monitor resolution that is marketed as the first resolution to take full advantage of HDs complete range of capabilities. It is currently the standard resolution for televisions, internet streaming services, video games and smart phones.

1440p resolution or 2560x 1440p, known as Quad HD. It is 04 times stronger than the base HD variant. It is not fully widespread in nature. It is largely found within computing and Smartphone of well known companies like HTC, Samsung, and Apple.

4K resolution or Ultra HD

The name is derived from its horizontal pixel count. As 4k resolution is equal to 3840x 2160. It has 4 times more pixels than 1080p. Its usage is limited to internet video streaming, video projection and commercial television.

5K resolution or 5120x2880p and 8K resolution or 7680x4320p

These are being used for highest monitor resolution. These technologies are new in market and little bit costlier than old ones. These technologies are in process of integration with TVs, Monitors for PC and broadcast cameras.

But today companies are integrating small monitors with high resolution for better picture quality.

Hence if you are interested in small size monitors for PC than go for higher pixels and resolution.

4. CONTRAST RATIO: 

It is the ratio of the luminosity of the brightest color (white) to that of the darkest color (black) that the monitor is capable of producing.

It is of two types

Static contrast ratio

It is the luminosity ratio comparing brightest and darkest color the system is capable of producing at any instant of time.

Dynamic contrast ratio (Advanced contrast ratio)

It is the luminosity ratio comparing brightest and darkest color the system is capable of producing over time when the picture is moving.

There is no official, standardized way of measuring contrast ratio for a system. Different manufacturers observe different techniques.

One of the measurements techniques is by Full on/Full off method, DLP projection method and ANSI method of measurement.  

Generally Dynamic contrast ratio of display is better than its static contrast ratio. A plasma display with 4,000,000 : 1 static contrast ratio will show superior contrast  to an LCD with CCFL backlight/LED with 30,000,000:1 dynamic and 20,000:1 static contrast ratio.

5. VIEWING ANGLE

Monitors for PC- VIEWING ANGLE

It is the maximum angle at which images on the monitor can be viewed, without excessive degradation to the image.

It is measured in degrees horizontally and vertically.

Viewing specifications like 170/160 (1700 in horizontal viewing and 1600 in vertical)

Remember the general rule of viewing angles are IPS-type> VA- type >TN (Twisted Nematic) film .

In reality IPS (In plane switching) and VA (Vertical Alignment) type panels are the only technologies which can truly offer wide viewing fields and are commonly quoted as 178/178 (1780 in horizontal viewing and 1780 in vertical)

6. REFRESH RATE :

REFRESH RATE

It is the number of times in a second that a display is illuminated. Maximum refresh rate is limited by response time.

It is also known as the number of times in a second that a display hardware updates its buffer.

It includes that the repeated drawing of identical frames.

 Basically it is different from the term frame rate. Frame rate measecond that a display hardware updates its buffer.

It includes that the repeated drawing of identical frames.

 Basically it is different from the term frame rate. Frame rate measures how often a video source can feed an entire frame of new data to display.

Example most movie projects runs at 24 frame rate means 24  FPS (frames per second) but has a refresh rate of 48 or 72 Hz .

FPS

Refresh rate of monitors are 60Hz, 120 Hz,144 Hz, and 240 Hz respectively.

In general, 60Hz means refresh rate 60 times per second.

So 240 Hz means Screen can refresh 240 times in a second.

7. RESPONSE TIME :

In lame language it is the time taken by your monitor to shift from one colour to another.

It is the time a pixel in a monitor takes to go from active (white) to inactive (black) and back to active (white) again, measured in milliseconds. Lower numbers mean faster transitions and therefore fewer visible image artifacts.

Typically a LCD response time is under 10ms (10 milli seconds), now a day’s monitors come with as fast as 01ms.

8. DOT PITCH:

PPI

It is also called as Line pitch, stripe pitch, phosphor pitch. It is the distance between sub-pixels of the same colour in millimeters.

In general, the smaller the dot pitch, the sharper the picture will appear.(It is measured in length)

But dots per inch is good with a larger number of dots per inch. Definitely closer spacing produces a sharper image as there are more dots in a given area.

So watch it carefully and see the specification thoroughly.

In general a typical entry level 0.28 mm diagonal monitor has a horizontal pitch of 0.24mm or 0.25 mm, and a good quality 0.26mm diagonal unit has a horizontal pitch of 0.22mm.

9. COLOR DEPTH :

Monitors for PC- COLOR

It is measured in bits per primary color or bits for all colors.

It is also known as bit depth. It is the number of bits used to indicate the color component of a single pixel.

Bits Colors
1 bit 2
2bit 4
3bit 8
4 bit 16
5 bit 32
8 bit 256
12 bit 4096
15/16 bit 32768
18 bit 262,144
High /Deep colors
24 bit 16,777,216
30 bit 1.073 billion
36 bit 68.71 billon
48 bit 281.5 trillion

10. COLOR GAMUT:

COLOR GAMUT

It is the range of colors that can be displayed in monitor. It is usually shown by an enclosed area of the primary colors of the device on the chromaticity diagram.

For example the primary colors of a monitor are RGB (Red, Green and Blue).

 It is measured as coordinates in the CIE 1931 color space or CIE XYZ color system.

The three standards frequently cited in relation to monitors are AdobeRGB, sRGB,  and NTSC.

Here sRGB and AdobeRGB are for LCD and monitors.

Out of these two AdobeRGB is characterized by a broader range than sRGB in G (Green ) domain.

11. DELTA-E:

It measures the amount of change in visual perception of two colors. It provides valuable insight into how color accurate a display/Monitor.

A person could not notice a Delta-E error that is less than 03. However a trained person can see down to errors of 1. Errors less than 01 are usually considered imperceptible.

In lame language Color accuracy is measured in delta-E. A delta-E of below 1 is imperceptible to the human eye. Delta-Es of 2 to 4 are considered good and require a sensitive eye to spot the difference.

Delta-E 2000 (dE2000) is the latest formulae updated by International commission on illumination.

So if you are going to use your monitor for some art and graphics and color preference is utmost than go for less Delta-E.

12. LUMINANCE:

It is measured in candelas per square meter (cd/m2 also called a Nit).

Brightness is more often used in marketing literature, refers to the emitted luminous intensity on screen. The higher the number the brighter the screen.

Now we will know about what are the internal circuits preferable for our monitors.

13. CURVATURE:

The curve design mirrors the most common formats people use to consume content. Like reading our books, newspaper and watching movie in theater.

A display curvature is measured by the radius the curve would deliver if it formed a complete circle.

When measuring the curved monitors, the value of “R” is used to indicate the curvature radius. For example, a 4,000R curvature monitor would form a circle with a 4,000 mm radius.

Hence we know that the smaller the “R” value the higher the monitors curve.

14. Flicker free/ Less ghosting

Flicker free monitors will reduce eyestrain , making them more comfortable to use for longer periods of time.

It is different for person to person. Some people more sensitive to flicker and can easily get headache from it and some are less prone to headache.

The use of CCFL tubes for LCD monitors and regular on /off of LED backlight create flicker effect for some people.

Here refresh rate again comes into effect. Generally monitors with 120 Hz and more gives high refresh rates and due to speed flickering effect is not perceived by common eye. It also gives less ghosting effect inside working environment.

13. POWER CONSUMPTION

Older LCD monitors uses CCFL backlight technology hence required more power than todays monitors.

Today monitors are using 20-30% less power than the old LCD and CRT monitors. In terms of overall energy use by a computer with monitor  may go upto 400 kWh. In other words, if we are environment lover, than we should try to reduce the use of energy in every means possible.

For 400 kWh energy 240 kilograms of carbon dioxide emission by coal based electricity plant. So reducing energy we can reduce the effect of carbon dioxide in atmosphere.

Power consumption is measured in watts. Hence at the time of purchase go for less watt and more star ratings monitors.

DIFFERENT PORTS OF MONITORS

PORTS

AV:  

AV input is a common label on a connector to receive (AV) audio/visual signals from electronic equipment that generates AV signals (AV output).

VGA:

Monitors for PC-VGA

The then-leading IBM computer manufacturer developed the first connection standard, used today too, in 1987 for its PCs.

The blue trapezoidal interface worked perfectly with old CRT displays, thanks to its analog nature. 

But then flat LCD digital screens appeared, resolutions began to grow, and the time-honored VGA port started to give up ground. 

Today, it is more rarely integrated, but until now, an array of devices such as home players, projectors, TVs, etc. are still equipped with VGA ports. Probably, for several more years more, it will remain not as desirable, but still the ubiquitous standard.

DISPLAY PORTS:

For many years, computers were rarely equipped with this competitor of HDMI this in spite of the fact that DisplayPort has many strengths:
• Support for very high resolutions along with stereo signal;
• Audio transmission;
• Impressive length of cabling

This interface technology is even more profitable for manufacturers than the licensed HDMI: they do not need to pay the developers that would be necessary for users of HDMI.

Although in its first years of existence this type of connector was not particularly popular, now computers are more often equipped with a pair of Display Ports.

HDMI:

HDMI CABLE

HDMI stands for High Definition Multimedia Interface.

In modern home entertainment devices, such as flat-panel TVs and Blu-ray players, HDMI is the standard connection interface.

As in the case of DVI, the signal is transmitted in digital format, which means maintaining the original quality. 

Together with HDMI, HDCP (High Bandwidth Digital Content Protection) technology was developed to prevent the piracy and illegal copying of video materials.

The first devices with HDMI support appeared in late 2003. Since then, the standard has been changed several times; in particular, support of new audio and video formats has been added.

HDMI become so popular due to following reasons:
• Length of cabling up to 25-30 meters;
• Sound transmission (even multi-channel) together with video – no need for separate speakers;
• Convenient small connectors;
• Support for many different devices: players, TVs, projectors, DVRs, game consoles, etc.;
• Ultrahigh resolutions;
• 3D-picture; possible together with ultra-high resolutions (versions of HDMI 4b and 2.0).

In 2013, the specifications of version 2.0 were adopted; this standard is compatible with old wire connectors, but it supports resolutions that are more impressive and other excellent features.

DVI:

Monitors for PC- DVI

This abbreviation stands for Digital Visual Interface. It transmits a video signal in digital format while maintaining high image quality.

In the mid-2000’s, DVI replaced the rapidly outdated VGA. 

The ability to transmit both analog and digital signals, support for large (in that era) resolutions and high frequencies, and the lack of inexpensive competitors led to DVI becoming a standard port for today.

Low-cost video cards are equipped with the Single Link DVI. The maximum resolution, in this case, is 1920×1080 pixels – Full HD.

More expensive video card models have a Dual Link DVI interface. They can be connected to monitors with a resolution of up to 2560×1600 pixels.

USB:

Monitors for PC-USB

The connection with the help of USB connector became possible when version 3.0 appeared.

Using the Display Link adapter, you can connect a monitor with a DVI / HDMI connector to the USB port of your laptop or computer.

Such ports are the standard for connecting external devices, which all manufacturers of these devices are eager for.

USB ports connect mice, keyboards, printers, scanners, modems, card readers, flash drives, cameras, cell phones, players, hard drives, optical drives, etc. This connector is needed for those who plan to work simultaneously with multiple monitors.

Mobile High-Definition Link (MHL)

It is an industry standard for a mobile audio/video interfaces that allows you to connect mobile phones, tablets and other portable (CE) devices to your monitor and give you more options than just your standard HDMI connection.

 

OTHER ACCESSORIES

IN-BUILD SPEAKER

Now a day’s inbuilt speakers are common for high end monitors. But the sound quality of these speakers is not much effective. Hence you need to buy external speakers.

ANTIGLARE SCREEN

ANTI GLARE SCREEN

Like all these ports anti glare screen is also important. Anti Glare Screens reduces the overall stress on your eyes. 

If you are a person who sits in-front of a computer most of the time then you will be better off with these type of screens.

Also at the same time make sure that your brightness is not too low and not too bright. It will save your eyes from reflections and brightness related problems.

Summary:

So today we learn about different features of monitors through this article “Monitors for PC(Part-2). How to choose and buy a monitor by comparing these features.

For more knowledge on monitors go through my previous blog on “EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT MONITORS (PART-1)”.

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